Road safety improvements and work to tackle anti-social driving usually consist of one of "the three Es":
- Education and training (of road users)
- Engineering (of the highway or vehicle)
- Enforcement (of road traffic law)
Within Surrey responsibility for highway engineering rests with Surrey County Council (apart from motorways and trunk roads which are the responsibility of Highways England). Responsibility for enforcement rests with Surrey Police. Both organisations are responsible for the delivery of education and training to road users. Therefore the Drive SMART Road Safety and Anti-Social Driving Partnership was created by Surrey County Council (including Surrey Fire and Rescue Service) and Surrey Police joining together to coordinate their work to tackle road casualties and anti-social driving.